Emergency Signs

Call an ambulance if you notice any of these warning signals during and/or after a seizure.

  • A seizure lasts longer than five minutes or starts again after a few minutes.
  • Unusual pain after the seizure.
    • This can be a symptom of seizure-related injury. Seniors may be bruised or have broken bones if they have fallen on a hard object.
  • The person has hit his/her head during the seizure.
  • Laboured breathing or chest pain.
  • Serious burns on the body.
  • Consciousness does not return after the seizure.
  • Pupils of the eyes are different sizes or dilated (bigger) after the seizure.
  • The person feels confused for more than an hour after a seizure.
    • Note: temporary confusion is common, but prolonged confusion requires medical help.

Seek emergency help if you notice any of these symptoms. They could be adverse effects of an antiepileptic drug (AED).

  • Allergic reactions
  • Rashes
  • Rapid eye movement when awake
  • Drunken or sloppy gait

If you are living with or caring for someone with a seizure disorder who has other medical problems, check with the doctor about how to respond when a seizure happens.

  1. Does the doctor want to be notified every time, or just in certain circumstances?
  2. Should you call an ambulance?
  3. Are there any special warning signals you should look for?